Welcome to my website! This is a website that I have dedicated to displaying my architectural work as well as blogging about design, architecture, energy and technology.
An innovative way to harness clean energy by modifying existing infrastructure!
Here is an absolutely mesmerizing example of a designer who used a combination of new media and technologies to create a really beautiful piece.
Designer John Edmarks created the animation by 3D printing the “blooms” using Fibonacci number sequences. The mathematical relationship between Fibonacci numbers is prevalent in nature and has fascinated biologists, mathematicians, artists and architects for centuries.
In geometry, the Fibonacci sequence is used to create the logarithmic golden spiral, which has the golden ratio of Phi, approximately 1.618. This ratio is well documented in nature, and has been extensively used by architects.
The stills in the video were taken when rotating the pieces at 137.5º (the golden angle) to demonstrate the Fibonacci sequence in motion. This is a really captivating and creative project that is totally synthetic but precisely simulates nature.
Over the past few years, the development of 3D printing technology has brought the world a wide range of unprecedented benefits and problems. 3D printing allows for endless customization as a design and fabrication tool, is capable of being made from 100% recycled materials, and can essentially eliminate the inherent costs of transporting products. Furthermore, if 3D printing continues to develop at the pace is is currently progressing, it has the potential to be the choice sustainable construction method, using local materials, that can be rapidly produced, for housing needs around the globe.
Conversely, 3D printing also brings about several counter arguments. When combined with a 3D scanner, it will allow anyone to discretely violate copyright infringement and patents by copying manufactured components from the comfort of their own home. It also allows for the fabrication of homemade weapons bringing forth security concerns. The plastic presently ubiquitous in 3D printing contains large amounts of petrochemicals, translating to significant off-gassing, and long-term health risks. The durability of plastic in comparison to traditional building materials is also a significant disadvantage.
Regardless of the implications of 3D printing, there are already several players in the 3D printing game, ranging in scale of fabrication, and purpose.
LIX 3D Printing Pen, Belgium
The LIX is the smallest scale of the 3D printing spectrum. The pen works by heating the filament to +350°F, melting and immediately cooling the filament to allow users to “doodle in the air”. The pen utilizes either the ABS petroleum-based filament or the PLA plant-based filament. The LIX pen has yet to hit the market but will retail for $140 USD and $60 USD for the ballpoint version.
BigRep ONE, Berlin, Germany
The German Manufacturer has launched the (relatively) mid-scale 3D printer for a retail value of € 29.000,00 ($39,000.00). The BidRep is a roughly a cubic metre and is both a FDM printer and CNC milling machine. The machine supports a variety of printing materials including PLA, ABS, PVA, HDPE, PC, Nylon, TPE, Laywood, and Laybrick. BigRep is large enough to produce a variety of furniture, as well as large architectural models, larger objects, and can precisely produce parts for engineering.
3D Print Canal House, Amsterdam, Netherlands
The Dutch firm, Dus Architects, was the among the first in the world to announce its goal to build a fully 3D printed house. The firm used a printer name “Kamermaker”, meaning Room Builder was used to produce pieces as large as 2 x 2 x 3.25m. The purpose of the project was to explore 3D printing from an architectural perspective and the implications of technology on housing design.
Winsun New Materials, Shanghai, China
A Chinese construction materials company has taken the Dutch precedent for printing houses to a new level. In April of 2014 the company printed 10 houses in 24 hours using a a massive 6.6 x 10 x 150m 3D printer. The ink is a combination of cement and glass fibres. The Wall Street Journal reports: “Winsun says it estimates the cost of printing these homes is about half that of building them the traditional way. And although the technology seems efficient, it’s unlikely to be widely used to build homes any time soon because of regulatory hurdles”.
Industrial designer James Dyson (of Dyson vacuums) created this mysterious fountain in 2003. The fountain creates the illusion of water flowing uphill.
The Ecological Children Activity and Education Center on the island of Koh Kood in Thailand demonstrates an excellent example of verncaular architecture using locally harvested Thai bamboo and River Red Gum Wood. Furthermore, 24H > architecture were successful in creating intriguing spaces throughout the extremely dynamic form of the centre.
The aluminum sculpture by David McCraken in Bondi Beach, Australia is a wonderful piece of public art that plays on perspective and sends the imagination soaring.
Using wood scraps, Norwegian architects Haugen/Zohar created a space of quality with this captivating outdoor fireplace designed for for children. “Together with the standard playground facilities we wished to combine an enclosed space for fire, storytelling and playing.”
© Grethe Fredriksen & Jason Havneraas
These hand-made tables are captivating due to their unique ability to seamlessly become larger or smaller when rotated. The beautifully engineered tables contains 962 components and 3756 fastenings and are known to sell for over $50,000.
Similar to Japan, the US Navy is also developing methods to extract energy from seawater. The process “extracts carbon dioxide and hydrogen from the water and recombines it into hydrocarbon chains that liquefy via a metallic catalyst into a purely synthetic fuel source.”
David Suzuki travels to Japan on the anniversary of 3/11. The nuclear meltdown at Fukushima changed the way the people of Japan view energy. They are currently a nuclear-free nation and are international leaders in developing new ways to create energy. The video features Japan’s progress in developing sea turbine technology (32:13), and technology that harnesses energy from the magnesium in seawater (36:28) using a process coined MagIC (Magnesium Injection Cycle) that emits no carbon dioxide and can recycle magnesium, as well as innovations with geothermal technology (37:41).
“Japan is a highly industrialized , very well-educated country, and if Japan can show there is a different way, that would be huge.”
© Robert Konieczny KWK Promes
The house is located outside of Warsaw, Poland and was designed to give the home owners a maximum sense of security. The house incorporates several moving elements: sliding walls, hinged walls, rolling doors and a drawbridge, that transform the house from a building that resembles a prison, to a house that is inviting and interesting.
The Safe House is programmed to be open throughout the day, and close itself at night in order to conserve heat and energy, thereby functioning as a flower. Architect Robert Konieczny describes: “We used to think that an organic house should resemble nature, that it should be rounded, but in my opinion it is a very superficial approach. The organics of this house are not expressed through it’s form, but by the way it functions.”
© Robert Konieczny KWK Promes
From a Vermont-based biotechnology startup, Ecovative:
“Natural, Renewable, Biodegradable: Unlike plastics, which come from unsustainable petrochemicals, Mushroom Materials start with plant-based farm waste and can end up in your garden, fully compostable.”
“We could meet the 70% reduction rate, but we asked ourselves can we take a leadership position and meet the 100% reduction target? ”
The OAA is showing leadership to the Architectural Community by investing $3.8 million to eliminate all carbon emissions from their headquarters in North York by 2030. This is being achieved by reducing heating and cooling loads, improving insulation and air-tightness, updating the mechanical system, adding an energy recovery ventilator, introducing a photovoltaic roof-top grid, and introducing an underground hydro thermal system.
This was without doubt the funnest project we did at Ryerson. The challenge was to construct a bridge that spans 3m using 6 sheets of 4’x8′ cardboard and 2 rolls of duct tape. A perfect grade was assigned to the bridge that could support an entire team. Every bridge failed. Our bridge supported 5/6 of our team members. I am the one in the yellow shorts.
The Rodriguez-Harvey House Animation is a 3D animation that I made back in 2011 using Autodesk 3DMax for an Architectural Computer Visualization course at Sheridan College.
The original design of the Rodriguez Harvey House is by Nicolas Loi: Loi Arquitectos and the house is in in Tunquén, Chile.